Knee pain is a more common problem that affects people of all ages. Knee pain may be the result of an injury, such as a torn cartilage or ruptured ligament. Medical conditions- including arthritis, infections, and gout – also can cause knee pain.
Several types of minor knee pain respond well to self-care measures. Knee braces and physical therapy also can help relieve knee pain. In some cases, your knee may need surgical repair which is done using orthopedic instruments provided by the orthopedic instrument distributor.
Treatment of Knee Injuries
When you are first injured, the RICE method- ice, rest, gentle compression and elevation- can help speed your recovery.
Be sure to pursue treatment as soon as possible, especially if you:
- Listen a popping noise and feel your knee give out at the at the time of injury
- Have severe pain
- Can’t move the knee
- Start limping
- Have swelling at the site of injury
The type of treatment your doctor recommends will depend on many factors, such as the severity of your injury, general health, your age, and activity level.
Several knee injuries can be treated with simple measures, such as:
- Immobilization– Your doctor may recommend a brace to prevent your knee from moving. If you have fractured a bone, a brace or cast may hold the bones in place while they heal. You can further protect your knee, you may be given crutches to keep you from putting weight on your leg.
- Physical therapy– Specific exercises will restore function to your knee and strengthen the muscles of the leg that support it.
- Non–steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines– Drugs like ibuprofen and aspirin reduce swelling and pain.
Several fractures and injuries around the knee require surgery to fully restore function to your leg. In some cases- such as various ACL tears- surgery can be done arthroscopically using incisions. Many injuries need open surgery with a larger incision that provides your surgeon with a more direct view and easier access to the structures that are injured. The open surgery may warrant use of orthopedic implants and tools.